Benchmark Category: Evaluation
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Children with Incarcerated Parents: A Quantitative Evaluation of Mentoring and Home-Based Counseling and Case Management Services
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There is evidence that parental incarceration has negative effects on children (e.g., on mental health and behavior; Murray, Farrington, & Sekol, 2012). In particular, there has been a concern about “intergenerational incarceration,” or a high likelihood that children with incarcerated parents (CIP) will themselves become justice-involved. The incarceration of a parent brings unique stressors to …

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Foster Youth and the Transition to Adulthood: The Theoretical and Conceptual Basis for Natural Mentoring
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The transition from adolescence to adulthood is considered a significant developmental stage in a young person’s growth. Most youth receive family support to help them weather the difficulties associated with this stage. When foster youth age out of the child welfare system, they confront the challenges associated with this developmental stage and are at risk …

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Supporting the Transition to Adulthood among High School Dropouts: An Impact Study of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program
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Using a multi-year, random assignment design, this study evaluated the effects of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program (NGYCP), an intensive residential intervention program for youth ages 16–18 who have dropped out of high school. The sample included 1,173 youth (predominantly male) of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds from ten NGYCP sites across the country. …

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The Test of Time in School-Based Mentoring: The Role of Relationship Duration and Re-Matching on Academic Outcomes
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The influence of match length and re-matching on the effectiveness of school-based mentoring was studied in the context of a national, randomized study of 1,139 youth in Big Brothers Big Sisters programs. The sample included youth in grades four through nine from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. At the end of the year, youth in …

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The Impact of School-Based Mentoring on Youths With Different Relational Profiles
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Associations between youths’ relationship profiles and mentoring outcomes were explored in the context of a national, randomized study of 1,139 youths (54% female) in geographically diverse Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs. The sample included youths in Grades 4 –9 from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds, the majority of whom were receiving free or …

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Pathways of influence in school-based mentoring: The mediating role of parent and teacher relationships
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This study explores the pathways through which school-based mentoring relationships are associated with improvements in elementary and high school students’ socio-emotional, academic, and behavioral outcomes. Participants in the study (N= 526) were part of a national evaluation of the Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs, all of whom had been randomly assigned to receive …

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An evaluation of the measurement properties of the Mentor Self-Efficacy Scale among participants in Big Brothers Big Sisters of Canada Community Mentoring Programs
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The measurement properties of a newly developed instrument, Mentor Self-Efficacy Scale, were examined among 249 Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) mentor, child, and parent triads. The unidimensional scale demonstrated acceptable reliability (α = 0.81) and convergent validity, with mentor self-efficacy (MSE) correlating with mentor reported global (r = 0.28, p<0.001) and engagement (r = 0.44, …

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A Model for the Influence of Mentoring Relationships on Youth Development
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Anecdotal reports of the protective qualities of mentoring relationships for youth are corroborated by a growing body of research. What is missing, however, is research on the processes by which mentors influence developmental outcomes. In this article, we present a conceptual model of the mentoring process along with a delineation of some of the current …

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A Follow-Up Randomised Controlled Trial Evaluation of the Effects of Business in the Community’s Time to Read Mentoring Programme
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. This report presents the findings of a randomised controlled trial evaluation of the Time to Read volunteer mentoring programme run by Business in the Community. There already exists a strong body of evidence demonstrating that Time to Read is extremely well received by schools, mentors and the children themselves who regard it as an …

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